Browsing All Posts filed under »social«

Volunteers collect high quality data

June 1, 2016

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Volunteer community groups are increasingly active in environmental monitoring, and often have the capacity to collect large amounts of data that can potentially complement or replace information gathered by management agencies. However, in some instances, scientists have expressed reservations about the reliability of community-generated data. New Zealand researchers compared the level of agreement between stream […]

Inequity creates a water crisis

December 18, 2015

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Lake Urmia, in western Iran, is a Ramsar-listed Biosphere Reserve and one of the world’s most significant salt lakes. Until recent times it had a length of 140 km. However, its size has been reduced by 90% as a result of forest destruction and short-sighted water policies. A recently-published case study of Lake Urmia offers […]

River restoration: does better monitoring mean fuzzier conclusions?

October 15, 2015

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Although stream restoration activities are commonplace, the assessment of project success has been patchy, and in many cases little or no time has been allowed for the comparison of sites before and after restoration. In a study of restoration evaluation, French researchers collected data on 44 stream restoration projects, each from a different river, by […]

What prompts group action to protect the environment?

October 15, 2015

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There are plenty of studies that describe how group action can improve the environmental quality of local streams, but relatively few have examined how collaboration is prompted in the first place. It seems that shifts in environmental policy require some sort of catalyst (trigger event) as well as a particular set of background conditions. An […]

Ecosystem services: the best hope for aquatic conservation?

July 20, 2015

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In an editorial in the journal Aquatic Conservation, S.J. Ormerod offers a perspective on key themes, challenges and new opportunities for river conservation. In recent years a range of policy and legal instruments have been introduced to protect river ecosystems. While these changes are delivering real benefits, they also have weaknesses. For example, although the […]

Applying the ecosystem services approach to land use planning

July 20, 2015

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Rivers and lakes contribute a wide variety of ecosystem services, including water supply, habitat provision, flood protection and recreational opportunities. However, methods of evaluating ecosystem services and integrating those values into aquatic management are still relatively new and continue to evolve. A framework for incorporating the aquatic ecosystem services approach into urban planning has been […]

Increasing the benefits of climate adaptation

March 23, 2015

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In the last few years, a number of countries have instigated projects to climate-proof their water management activities. For example, the former Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment developed a national climate adaptation strategy to assist local communities. To identify the characteristics of successful climate adaptation programmes, Dutch researchers used a semi-structured […]