Browsing All Posts filed under »disturbance«

Getting the message across

October 8, 2018

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Since recreational boaters can unintentionally spread invasive aquatic species while transporting boats and equipment from one body of water to another, it’s important that management agencies communicate the need for boaters to clean, drain and dry their gear after use.  Researchers used a questionnaire-based approach to find out if the way the “clean, drain and […]

Research on insect emergence warms up

October 8, 2018

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Long-term data show that climate change affects ecosystem functioning and the body size distributions of animal species, but more information is needed to understand the mechanisms underlying these changes.  There’s a need for experimental studies that take account of linkages between the aquatic and terrestrial environment and that simulate changes in the intensity and frequency […]

How does disturbance affect biodiversity?

October 8, 2018

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In freshwater systems, drying events are ramp disturbances that reduce habitat availability and connectivity, while floods are sudden pulse disturbances.  The relationship between disturbance and biodiversity is complex, and although some studies indicate that perennial rivers, which often flood, are more biodiverse than intermittent rivers, which periodically stop flowing and dry out, other work suggests […]

A clearer picture of suspended sediment

October 8, 2018

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Because many pollutants adsorb onto the surfaces of fine sediment particles, sediment transport plays a central role in distributing contaminants throughout river systems.  However, current models of sediment and pollutant transfer are complex and complicated by the fact that key processes such as adsorption, erosion and deposition aren’t easily  observed.  Belgian scientists have responded to […]

Floodplain fisheries and overexploitation

October 8, 2018

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The floodplain fishery in the Pantanal region of South America, one of the biggest wetlands in the world,  illustrates the difficulties often faced in managing resources in complex, highly changeable environments.  In the late 1970s and early 1980s, traditional small-scale commercial fishers accounted for around three-quarters of the fish catch.  In the absence of scientific […]

Stream assessment by citizen scientists

July 5, 2018

Comments Off on Stream assessment by citizen scientists

Although the potential spatial and temporal coverage of environmental data sets generated by citizen scientists is enormous, the quality of volunteer data sets depends on the use of simple, clearly defined and standardised methods.  To answer the need for an approach that can be used by citizen scientists to assess physical habitats and human pressures […]

Triggers for algal blooms: peak temperatures aren’t always important

July 5, 2018

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There are concerns that human impacts  on freshwater systems – particularly temperature increases linked to climate change and nutrient enrichment caused by run-off and pollution – are encouraging the spread of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) capable of generating toxic blooms that threaten human and animal health.  One such case is the recent spread of Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, […]